Sleep is an essential component of health and wellness; yet, many people experience disruptions in their sleep-wake cycle that are severe enough to impair physiological and psychosocial functioning. Disorders of the sleep-wake cycle, such as obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy and hypersomnia, as well as associated syndromes such as cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness, represent significant health problems with short- and long-term consequences. Sleep disorders have been associated with metabolic effects, changes in circadian rhythms, proinflammatory responses, and psychiatric, neurologic, pulmonary, and cardiac conditions, as well as decrements in neurocognitive domains. Likewise, sleep disorders can negatively impact work performance and attendance, and may contribute to increased injuries and accidents, creating a significant economic burden, as well as increased health care utilization and more frequent and longer hospitalizations.

Given the significant impact of sleep disorders, the identification and implementation of safe, effective therapies is paramount. The CME Outfitters Sleep Disorders Hub is designed to provide clinicians with the latest clinical practice guidelines, diagnostic strategies and tools, and scientific updates on current and emerging therapies to optimize the management of sleep disorders. In addition, the Sleep Disorders Hub also provides patient education tools to empower patients to make informed decisions about their care.

CME/CE activities

Laying to Rest Challenges in Managing Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea or Narcolepsy – An Augmented Reality Experience

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This CMEO OnDemand webcast examines the impact of EDS on clinical outcomes, QoL, and psychosocial functioning as well as the subsequent need for early detection and effective treatment. In order to apply the latest scientific updates in sleep medicine, this symposium will feature Augmented Reality, enabling expert faculty to walk clinicians through the core physiological mechanisms involved in sleep and the means by which current and novel therapies exert their clinical impact. By navigating recent clinical trial data on these therapies, clinicians should be better able to apply the latest evidence to practice, optimizing the management of EDS in patients with narcolepsy or OSA.

Navigating the Sleep-Wake Cycle: A Guided 3-D Animation of the Neurotransmitters and Pathways of Treatments Used in Clinical Practice

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This interactive, faculty-guided 3-D animation will visually illustrate how the mechanisms of action (MOAs) of current and emerging therapies targets the neurotransmitters involved in the sleep-wake cycle and shows how these therapies may impact the complex brain systems involved in the sleep-wake cycle.

Don’t Snooze on the Latest Evidence on Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in OSA and Narcolepsy: An Expert-Guided Tour of the SLEEP 2019 Annual Meeting

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In this CME Outfitters dynamic, interactive infographic, expert faculty discuss the impact of EDS on daily functioning, highlight the efficacy of current and novel treatment strategies, and provide expert commentary assessing the data for novel treatments.

Case Simulations in the Detection of OSA: Patients That Keep You Up At Night

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This CME Outfitters decision-tree medical simulation features guidance, insights, and evidence from expert faculty regarding tools such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and how to incorporate it into routine practice in order to increase the rate of detection of persistent excessive sleepiness in patients with OSA.

Case Simulations in the Management of Persistent Excessive Sleepiness in OSA: Patients That Keep You Up At Night

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In this CME Outfitters decision-tree medical simulation, expert faculty focus on residual ES in patients with OSA and narcolepsy with patient case simulations that explore the complexity of managing residual ES and provides the latest clinical updates on current and emerging therapies, strategies to facilitate patient engagement, and shared decision-making to develop comprehensive treatment strategies for long-term, effective management.

Case Simulations in the Detection and Management of Narcolepsy: Patients That Keep You Up At Night

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In this CME Outfitters decision-tree medical simulation, expert faculty will highlight evidence-based tools to facilitate the recognition of residual ES and provide clinicians with the latest clinical updates on the effectiveness of current and emerging therapies that promote symptom resolution and restoration of function.
Digital Health Tools
  • American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) Sleep TM app, a mobile app that directly connects patients to sleep medicine professionals and accredited sleep centers through the AASM SleepTM telemedicine system. The app provides patients convenient access to sleep medicine services on their mobile devices. – Click Here
  • Sleep Tuner, FDA-registered sleep sensor, worn on the forehead, to measure blood oxygenation, heart rate, sleep position, and stopped breathing events. It is designed to offer the accuracy of medical sleep studies without the cost or inconvenience. – Click Here
  • ResApp, uses a smartphone to detect sleep apnea by sound, delivering a highly-scalable, accurate, and easy-to-use screening test. It uses a machine-learning algorithm to detect the severity of sleep apnea by the sound of a person’s breathing and snoring. A user can put the smartphone next to their bed and it will record their sleeping. – Click Here
  • DeepHeart, a deep neural network technology that can detect hypertension and sleep apnea. – Click Here
Patient Resources


Healthy Sleep Duration Poster

Stop the Snore Infographic

Little Sleep, Big Costs Infographic

Sleep Apnea Hurts Hearts


Sleep Education (from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine):

National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project (from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine):

National Sleep Foundation:

American Sleep Association:

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-National Institutes of Health:

Patient Organizations

American Sleep Apnea Association:

Circadian Sleep Disorders Network:

Narcolepsy Network:

Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation:

Wake Up Narcolepsy:

Reading Room

Thorpy MJ, Shapiro C, Mayer G, et al. A randomized study of solriamfetol for excessive sleepiness in narcolepsy. Ann Neurol. 2019;85(3):359-370. Download PDF

Abad VC. An evaluation of sodium oxybate as a treatment option for narcolepsy. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2019;20(10):1189-1199. Available at

Black J, Swick T, Bogan R, et al. Impact of sodium oxybate, modafinil, and combination treatment on excessive daytime sleepiness in patients who have narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. Sleep Med. 2016;24:57-62. Download PDF

Schweitzer PK, Rosenberg R, Zammit GK, et al. Solriamfetol for Excessive Sleepiness in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (TONES 3). A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019;199(11):1421-1431. Available at

Martinez-Garcia MA, Campos-Rodriguez F, Barbé F, et al. Precision medicine in obstructive sleep apnoea. Lancet Respir Med. 2019 May;7(5):456-464. Available at

Inoue Y, Miki M, Tabata T. Findings of the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test and its relationship with response to modafinil therapy for residual excessive daytime sleepiness in obstructive sleep apnea patients adequately treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Sleep Med. 2016;27-28:45-48. Available at

Scheer D, Schwartz SW, Parr M, et al. Prevalence and Incidence of Narcolepsy in a U.S. Health Care Claims Database, 2008-2010. Sleep. 2019. Epub ahead of print]. Available at

Thorpy MJ, Hiller G. The Medical and Economic Burden of Narcolepsy: Implications for Managed Care. Am Health Drug Benefits. 2017;10(5):233-241. – Download PDF

Hein M, Lanquart JP, Loas G, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of excessive daytime sleepiness in major depression: A study with 703 individuals referred for polysomnography. J Affect Disord. 2019 Jan 15;243:23-32. Available at

Kallweit U, Bassetti CL. Pharmacological management of narcolepsy with and without cataplexy. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2017;18(8):809-817. Available at

Mayer G, Piazzi G, Iranzo A, et al. Long-term compliance, safety, and tolerability of sodium oxybate treatment in patients with narcolepsy type 1: a post-authorization, noninterventional surveillance study. Sleep. 2018;41(9). – Download PDF

Szabo ST, Thorpy MJ, Mayer G, et al. Neurobiological and immunogenetic aspects of narcolepsy: Implications for pharmacotherapy. Sleep Med Rev. 2019;43:23-36. – Download PDF

Gentina T, Bailly S, Jounieaux F, et al. Marital quality, partner’s engagement and continuous positive airway pressure adherence in obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Med. 2019;55:56-61. Available at

Schöbel C, Knorre S, Glos M, et al. Improved follow-up by peripheral arterial tonometry in CPAP-treated patients with obstructive sleep apnea and persistent excessive daytime sleepiness. Sleep Breath. 2018 Dec;22(4):1153-1160. Available at

Avellar AB, Carvalho LB, Prado GF, et al. Pharmacotherapy for residual excessive sleepiness and cognition in CPAP-treated patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med Rev. 2016;30:97-107. Available at

Gasa M, Tamisier R, Launois SH, et al. Residual sleepiness in sleep apnea patients treated by continuous positive airway pressure. J Sleep Res. 2013;22(4):389-397. – Download PDF

Inoue Y, Takasaki Y, Yamashiro Y. Efficacy and safety of adjunctive modafinil treatment on residual excessive daytime sleepiness among nasal continuous positive airway pressure-treated Japanese patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Clin Sleep Med. 2013;9(8):751-757. – Download PDF

Sukhal S, Khalid M, Tulaimat A. Effect of Wakefulness-Promoting Agents on Sleepiness in Patients with Sleep Apnea Treated with CPAP: A Meta-Analysis. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015;11(10):1179-1186. – Download PDF