Health Inequities in Vaccination Optimization

This activity is part of a series


Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc
Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine
Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research
Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
The University of Chicago
Chicago, IL
Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc

Monica Peek, MD, MPH, MSc is an Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine. She is also the Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research, and Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. She is a practicing internist, medical educator, and clinician investigator. Her research pursues health equity and social justice, with a focus on promoting equitable doctor/patient relationships among racial minorities, integrating the medical and social needs of patients, and addressing health care discrimination and structural racism impacting health outcomes (e.g., diabetes, COVID-19). Dr. Peek has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed publications and abstracts on health care disparities, diversity, and bias; has been the principal investigator of multiple grants to address health disparities; and has been invited to speak at numerous local and national medical meetings.

Monica Vela, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Department of Medical Education
Director, Hispanic Center of Excellence
Associate Editor, JAMA Network Open
University of Illinois College of Medicine
Chicago, IL
Monica Vela, MD, FACP

Monica Vela, MD recently joined the University of Illinois College of Medicine as Professor of Medicine and Director of the Hispanic Center of Excellence. She also serves as Associate Editor for JAMA Network Open. She is the former Associate Vice Chair for Diversity and Associate Dean at University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine. She has spent the last 16 years directing a required course for first year medical students entitled, “Health Disparities: Equity and Advocacy,” which provides a structural competency foundation and advocacy training. Her coursework is the only course in the extant literature shown to improve diversity of the medical school applicants and improve the cultural climate among medical students.

Dr. Vela has been selected by Pritzker students for a Favorite Faculty Award 9 times since 2010 for her teaching. Her research spans medical education on health disparities and care of limited-English proficiency patients, as well as diversity in the medical profession. In 2012, she won the American College of Physician’s National Award for Diversity and Access to Care. In 2014, she was awarded the Society of General Internal Medicine National Herbert Nickens Award for Diversity and Minority Health as well as the inaugural Alpha Omega Alpha Fellow in Leadership Award. Also that year, she was awarded the University of Chicago Distinguished Faculty Award for Community Service. She was awarded the 2019 University of Chicago Diversity Leadership Award and was honored during the University’s annual Martin Luther King, Jr. commemoration.

Statement of Need

Disparities in the vaccination rates for traditionally underserved populations have occurred for influenza vaccinations for several years.1 These trends continue when looking at vaccinations for Covid-191 and use of PReP agents for HIV prevention,2 and will likely continue when vaccinations for RSV are approved in the near future. Therefore, it is imperative that these disparities are discussed lest they continue for all current and upcoming vaccination efforts. HCPs need to be aware of possible reasons for the disparities (e.g., lack of access to vaccines, vaccine hesitancy) in order to find and test different strategies for educating patients and working with them to achieve vaccination equity.

In this CMEO podcast, expert faculty will present the challenges to equitable vaccination rates for all patients, for a variety of vaccinations, and discuss how best to learn from previous attempts to ensure current and future vaccination can occur for all patients.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this CME/CE activity, participants should be able to analyze the influence of unconscious bias, health disparities, and health inequities on vaccine optimization.

Financial Support

Supported by an educational grant from Johnson & Johnson.

Target Audience

Physicians, nurse practitioners (NPs), physician associates (PAs), nurses, and pharmacists

Credit Information

Jointly Accredited Provider

In support of improving patient care, CME Outfitters, LLC, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Interprofessional (IPCE) 1.0

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 1.0 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) Credit for learning and change.

Physicians (ACCME) 1.0

CME Outfitters, LLC, designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nurses (ANCC) 1.0

This activity is designated for 1.0 contact hour.

Note for California Nurses

This continuing nursing education activity was approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing. CME Outfitters, LLC’s provider number is CEP15510.

Pharmacists (ACPE) 1.0

This application-based activity is approved for 1.0 contact hour (0.10 CEUs) of continuing pharmacy credit.
Activity UAN: JA0007185-0000-25-021-H01-P

PAs (AAPA) 1.0

CME Outfitters, LLC, has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until the expiration date listed above. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.


Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 1.0 medical knowledge MOC point in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

Royal College MOC

Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME’s “CME in Support of MOC” program in Section 3 of the Royal College’s MOC Program.

MIPS Improvement Activity

Completion of this accredited CME activity meets the expectations of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement Program (IA_PSPA_28) for the Merit-based Incentive Payment Program (MIPS). Clinicians should submit their improvement activities by attestation via the CMS Quality Payment Program website.

Disclosure Declaration

It is the policy of CME Outfitters, LLC, to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, and scientific rigor and integrity in all of their CE activities. Faculty must disclose to the participants any relationships with commercial companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, or with the commercial supporter of this CE activity. CME Outfitters, LLC, has evaluated, identified, and mitigated any potential conflicts of interest through a rigorous content validation procedure, use of evidence-based data/research, and a multidisciplinary peer review process.

Dr. Peek reports the following financial relationships:

Consultant: Pfizer Inc.

Dr. Vela reports the following financial relationships:

Consultant: AbbVie Inc. (Delivered lecture on history of racism in medicine)

The following peer reviewer and CME Outfitters staff have no financial relationships:

  • Michael Franks, APRN, AGACNP-BC, FNP-BC (peer reviewer)
  • Meghann Taft-Lockard (planning committee)
  • Mary Gleason, PhD (planning committee)
  • Dan Cardin, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Sandra Caballero, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Susan H. Yarbrough, CHCP (planning committee)
  • Sharon Tordoff (planning committee)

Faculty of this CE activity may include discussions of products or devices that are not currently labeled for use by the FDA. The faculty have been informed of their responsibility to disclose to the audience if they will be discussing off-label or investigational uses (any uses not approved by the FDA) of products or devices.

Obtaining Credits

Post-tests, credit request forms, and activity evaluations must be completed online (requires free account activation), and participants can print their certificate or statement of credit immediately (75% pass rate required). This website supports all browsers except Internet Explorer for Mac. For complete technical requirements and privacy policy, visit our Privacy & Confidentiality page.

Questions about this activity?

Call us at (877) CME-PROS or (877) 263-7767.



Health Inequities in Vaccination Optimization
Event Date: 10/20/2022 at 4:00 am EST