Equity and Health Care Disparities: The Role of Leaders in Addressing the Crisis


Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc
Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine
Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research
Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
The University of Chicago
Chicago, IL
Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc

Monica Peek, MD, MPH, MSc is an Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine. She is also the Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research, and Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. She is a practicing internist, medical educator, and clinician investigator. Her research pursues health equity and social justice, with a focus on promoting equitable doctor/patient relationships among racial minorities, integrating the medical and social needs of patients, and addressing health care discrimination and structural racism impacting health outcomes (e.g., diabetes, COVID-19). Dr. Peek has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed publications and abstracts on health care disparities, diversity, and bias; has been the principal investigator of multiple grants to address health disparities; and has been invited to speak at numerous local and national medical meetings.

Jeffrey F. Hines, MD
Medical Director
Medical Director, Diversity, Inclusion and Health Equity, Wellstar Health System
Chief, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Wellstar Gynecologic Oncology
Wellstar Medical Group, Atlanta, GA
Jeffrey F. Hines, MD
Medical Director

Dr. Hines is currently the Medical Director of Diversity, Inclusion and the Center for Health Equity for Wellstar Health System in Marietta, Georgia. He is also the Chief of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology for Wellstar Medical Group.

Jeffrey Freeman Hines is a native of New York. He attended Brown University in Providence, RI, as part of the combined Seven-Year Medical Education Program. He received his undergraduate bachelor of science degree from Brown in Biology, magna cum laude, in May 1983. Jeffrey received his medical degree from The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University School of Medicine in May 1986.

Dr. Hines completed a four-year residency program in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO, from July 1986-June 1990. In September 1990, Dr. Hines was deployed with the First Cavalry Division as a Battalion Surgeon during Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. Dr. Hines completed a three-year fellowship in Gynecologic Oncology at Georgetown University Medical Center in June 1995.

Dr. Hines is a Diplomate of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology with special competence in Gynecologic Oncology, a Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and a Full Member of the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists. He is also a member of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, and the National Medical Association. Dr. Hines serves as a manuscript referee to several peer review medical journals to include Gynecologic Oncology, The Journal of the National Medical Association, and Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Hines is critically involved in collaborative clinical oncology research. He is an institutional investigator for NRG Oncology of the National Cancer Institute.

Dr. Hines has extensive research interests, background, and is published in the field of papillomaviruses, cervical cancer vaccines, clinical cancer trials, disparities in health care, undergraduate student education, health equity, and racism in medicine. He has presented his work at national and international meetings. He has been an invited lecturer to national venues as well as to India and Mexico in the field of papillomaviruses. Dr. Hines also has expertise in all aspects of the treatment of women with cervical cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer. He has expertise in the da Vinci robotic system. He is also actively involved in providing cancer health education lectures to at-risk groups.

Dr. Hines is the recipient of numerous local and national teaching awards for excellence in undergraduate and graduate medical education. He was the recipient of two awards by the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists and the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation for his research in papillomaviruses in 1994. Dr. Hines is also the recipient of the U.S. Army Meritorious Service Medal. Dr. Hines was listed as one of Atlanta’s Top Doctors in the 2005 – 2021 editions of Atlanta Magazine. In November 2005, Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue nominated Dr. Hines to serve on the Governor’s Task Force for the Elimination of Cervical Cancer for the State of Georgia.

Dr. Hines enjoys collecting African-American art and running marathons.

Statement of Need

Racism is a public health crisis, and health systems play a critical role in addressing social determinants of health (SDoH) and health care provider (HCP) biases to further health equity. All levels of the health system, HCPs and staff from the C-suite to the front desk “gate-keepers”, must be aware and understand the impacts of structural racism, SDoH, and biases on their patient population. Taking these factors into consideration, improving diversity among health systems staff and management, and championing diversity and inclusion are some of the strategies needed to mitigate health care disparities and help make communities healthier.

This CMEOCast podcast will focus on the role of health systems in addressing structural racism and clinician/staff biases and how health systems administrators can integrate best practices to support patients and reduce disparities in care.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this CME/CE activity, participants should be able to:

  • Outline the role of health systems in addressing structural racism and clinician biases to promote health equity.
  • Integrate best practices for health administrators to support patients and reduce disparities in care.

Financial Support

Supported by an educational grant from the Johnson & Johnson Institute and the Johnson & Johnson Family of Companies.

Target Audience

Physicians, nurse practitioners (NPs), physician associates (PAs), nurses, and pharmacists

Credit Information

Jointly Accredited Provider

In support of improving patient care, CME Outfitters, LLC, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Interprofessional (IPCE) 0.75

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 0.75 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) Credit for learning and change.

Physicians (ACCME) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. CME Outfitters, LLC, designates this enduring activity for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nurses (ANCC) 0.75

This activity is designated for 0.75 contact hour. Nurse practitioners can apply for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ through the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). AANP will accept AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from Jointly Accredited Organizations. Nurse practitioners can also apply for credit through their state boards.

Note for California Nurses

This continuing nursing education activity was approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing. CME Outfitters, LLC’s provider number is CEP15510.

Pharmacists (ACPE) 0.75

This application-based activity is approved for 0.75 contact hour (0.075 CEUs) of continuing pharmacy credit.
Activity UAN: JA0007185-0000-21-089-H04-P

PAs (AAPA) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.75 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until expiration date listed above. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.


Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 0.75 medical knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

MIPS Improvement Activity

Completion of this accredited CME activity meets the expectations of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement Program (IA_PSPA_28) for the Merit-based Incentive Payment Program (MIPS). Clinicians should submit their improvement activities by attestation via the CMS Quality Payment Program website.

Royal College MOC

Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME’s “CME in Support of MOC” program in Section 3 of the Royal College’s MOC Program.

Disclosure Declaration

It is the policy of CME Outfitters, LLC, to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, and scientific rigor and integrity in all of their CE activities. Faculty must disclose to the participants any relationships with commercial companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, or with the commercial supporter of this CE activity. CME Outfitters, LLC, has evaluated, identified, and attempted to resolve any potential conflicts of interest through a rigorous content validation procedure, use of evidence-based data/research, and a multidisciplinary peer review process. The following information is for participant information only. It is not assumed that these relationships will have a negative impact on the presentations.

Dr. Peek has no disclosures to report.

Dr. Hines has no disclosures to report.

Disclosures were obtained from the CME Outfitters, LLC staff: No disclosures to report:

  • Michael Franks, APRN, AGACNP-BC, FNP-BC (peer reviewer)
  • Noreen Iftikhar, MD (planning committee)
  • Kathleen A. Blake, PhD (planning committee)
  • Jan Perez (planning committee)
  • Sharon Tordoff (planning committee)

Faculty of this CE activity may include discussions of products or devices that are not currently labeled for use by the FDA. The faculty have been informed of their responsibility to disclose to the audience if they will be discussing off-label or investigational uses (any uses not approved by the FDA) of products or devices.

Obtaining Credits

Post-tests, credit request forms, and activity evaluations must be completed online (requires free account activation), and participants can print their certificate or statement of credit immediately (75% pass rate required). This website supports all browsers except Internet Explorer for Mac. For complete technical requirements and privacy policy, visit our Privacy & Confidentiality page.

Questions about this activity?

Call us at (877) CME-PROS or (877) 263-7767.



Equity and Health Care Disparities: The Role of Leaders in Addressing the Crisis
Event Date: 12/28/2021 at 5:00 am EST