Vaccines: Real-World Tactics to Address Health Inequities


Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc
Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine
Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research
Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
The University of Chicago
Chicago, IL
Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc

Monica Peek, MD, MPH, MSc is an Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine. She is also the Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research, and Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. She is a practicing internist, medical educator, and clinician investigator. Her research pursues health equity and social justice, with a focus on promoting equitable doctor/patient relationships among racial minorities, integrating the medical and social needs of patients, and addressing health care discrimination and structural racism impacting health outcomes (e.g., diabetes, COVID-19). Dr. Peek has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed publications and abstracts on health care disparities, diversity, and bias; has been the principal investigator of multiple grants to address health disparities; and has been invited to speak at numerous local and national medical meetings.

Otis W. Kirksey, PharmD, CDES, BC-ADM
Director of Pharmacy Services Neighborhood Medical Center, Inc.
Director of Pharmacy Services Neighborhood Medical Center, Inc.
President, Healthcare and Education American Diabetes Association
Professor Emeritus of Pharmacy Practice
College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Florida A&M University Tallahassee, FL
Otis W. Kirksey, PharmD, CDES, BC-ADM
Director of Pharmacy Services Neighborhood Medical Center, Inc.

Dr. Otis Kirksey received both his B.S. and Doctor of Pharmacy degree from Florida A&M University. He is a retired Professor of Pharmacy with over 25 years of experience in academia with specific focus in the area of pharmacy practice, diabetes, and primary care. His experience as a practicing pharmacist spans over almost 35 years and encompasses a variety of practice settings including hospital, community, and ambulatory pharmacy practice. Currently, he serves as the Director of Pharmacy Services for Neighborhood Medical Services, a federally qualified health center. Dr. Kirksey was recently awarded with the distinction of Professor Emeritus of Pharmacy Practice by Florida A&M University College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

He is Board Certified in Advanced Diabetes Management (BC-ADM) as well as a Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist (CDCES). He is also a certified Lifestyle Coach as well as a Master Trainer for the National Diabetes Prevention Program.

Dr. Kirksey has received funding for research from federal and private sponsors including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, the National Library of Medicine, and the Minority Health Professions Foundation. Dr. Kirksey has authored or co-authored over 20 manuscripts published in refereed and un-refereed journals and newspapers.

He currently serves as President-Elect of Health Care and Education for the American Diabetes Association. He is a member of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, and serves as the director of the Prince Hall Shriners National Community Health Initiative.

Ray Mendez, MD, MA, FAAFP, DABFM
Medical Director, MiMedico (Primary Care)
Health System Clinician, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Instructor, Rush University Medical College, Chicago, IL
Ray Mendez, MD, MA, FAAFP, DABFM

Ray Mendez, MD, MA is a family physician from Chicago, IL dedicated to serving the global Latinx community. Dr. Mendez founded MiMedico, a primary care clinic located in Chicago’s predominantly Mexican neighborhood of Pilsen. Dr. Mendez also works at the Ingalls Memorial Hospital Emergency Department Extension and serves as a clinical educator for both Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Rush University Medical College. Dr. Mendez is honored to serve on the Executive Board of Directors at the Health & Medicine Policy Research Group, an organization that advocates for equitable health policies impacting health systems. He also completes annual volunteer urgent care and health education stints in Nicaragua with aspirations of creating a sustainable, community-run primary care clinic in the country.

Statement of Need

Vaccinations for illnesses such as influenza and COVID-19 may be the best means for prevention and further spread of disease, yet, the rate of vaccination in the US often falls short of health care goals. For example, the CDC lists the goal for influenza vaccination to be 70% of the population, but each flu season, actual rates are closer to 50%. Additionally, the vaccination rates for particular racial/ethnic underserved populations tend to be lower than rates of non-Hispanic White populations, creating a unique challenge for helping underserved populations become vaccinated. Vaccine hesitancy and access to vaccinations are potential reasons for vaccination disparities and must be addressed if we are to meet our health care vaccination goals for all patients.

This CMEO BriefCase will discuss the health care challenges of a racially diverse young mother and her 2-year-old child, and how to encourage vaccinations as preventative measures for both. Expert faculty will discuss potential barriers and hesitancies for this mother to vaccinate herself and her child, along with strategies to ameliorate disparities in vaccination rates.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this CME/CE activity, participants should be able to:

  • Identify the impact of health inequities on optimal vaccination.
  • Individualize treatment strategies that include assessment of SDoH to improve patient vaccination outcomes.

Financial Support

Supported by an educational grant from Johnson & Johnson.

Target Audience

Physicians, physician associates (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), nurses, and pharmacists

Credit Information

Jointly Accredited Provider

In support of improving patient care, CME Outfitters, LLC, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Interprofessional (IPCE) 0.75

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 0.75 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) Credit for learning and change.

Physicians (ACCME) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. CME Outfitters, LLC, designates this enduring activity for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nurses (ANCC) 0.75

This activity is designated for 0.75 contact hour. Nurse practitioners can apply for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ through the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). AANP will accept AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from Jointly Accredited Organizations. Nurse practitioners can also apply for credit through their state boards.

Note for California Nurses

This continuing nursing education activity was approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing. CME Outfitters, LLC’s provider number is CEP15510.

Pharmacists (ACPE) 0.75

This application-based activity is approved for 0.75 contact hour (0.075 CEUs) of continuing pharmacy credit.
Activity UAN: JA0007185-0000-22-129-H01-P

PAs (AAPA) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.75 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until expiration date listed above. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.


Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 0.75 medical knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

MIPS Improvement Activity

Completion of this accredited CME activity meets the expectations of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement Program (IA_PSPA_28) for the Merit-based Incentive Payment Program (MIPS). Clinicians should submit their improvement activities by attestation via the CMS Quality Payment Program website.

Royal College MOC

Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME’s “CME in Support of MOC” program in Section 3 of the Royal College’s MOC Program.

Disclosure Declaration

It is the policy of CME Outfitters, LLC, to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, and scientific rigor and integrity in all of their CE activities. Faculty must disclose to the participants any relationships with commercial companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, or with the commercial supporter of this CE activity. CME Outfitters, LLC, has evaluated, identified, and mitigated any potential conflicts of interest through a rigorous content validation procedure, use of evidence-based data/research, and a multidisciplinary peer review process.

Dr. Peek reports the following financial relationships: Consultant: Pfizer Inc.

Dr. Kirksey reports no financial relationships to disclose.

Dr. Mendez reports no financial relationships to disclose.

The following peer reviewer and CME Outfitters staff have no financial relationships:

  • Shirley Michelle Franks, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC (peer reviewer)
  • Meghann Taft-Lockard (planning committee)
  • Dan Cardin, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Mary Gleason, PhD (planning committee)
  • Sandra Caballero, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Susan H. Yarbrough, CHCP (planning committee)
  • Sharon Tordoff (planning committee)

Faculty of this CE activity may include discussions of products or devices that are not currently labeled for use by the FDA. The faculty have been informed of their responsibility to disclose to the audience if they will be discussing off-label or investigational uses (any uses not approved by the FDA) of products or devices.

Obtaining Credits

Post-tests, credit request forms, and activity evaluations must be completed online (requires free account activation), and participants can print their certificate or statement of credit immediately (75% pass rate required). This website supports all browsers except Internet Explorer for Mac. For complete technical requirements and privacy policy, visit our Privacy & Confidentiality page.

Questions about this activity?

Call us at (877) CME-PROS or (877) 263-7767.



Vaccines: Real-World Tactics to Address Health Inequities
Event Date: 02/28/2023 at 5:00 am EST