PrEP Inequities


Oni J. Blackstock, MD, MHS
Founder and Executive Director, Health Justice, LLC
New York, NY
Oni J. Blackstock, MD, MHS

Dr. Oni Blackstock is recognized as a thought leader and influencer in the areas of HIV and health equity. She is a primary care and HIV physician, and the founder and Executive Director of Health Justice, a consulting practice that helps health organizations to center anti-racism and equity in the workplace and reduce health inequities in the communities they serve. Dr. Blackstock recently served as an Assistant Commissioner at the New York City Health Department where she led the City’s response to the HIV epidemic. She holds degrees from Harvard College, Harvard Medical School, and Yale School of Medicine and is passionate about ensuring that all individuals and communities have the resources and support they need to achieve optimal health and well-being.

Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, PhD, MPH, LCSW, RN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC, FAAN
Dean and Bessie Baker Distinguished Professor
Duke University School of Nursing
Vice Chancellor for Nursing Affairs, Duke University
Director, Center for Latino Adolescent and Family Health
Durham, NC
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, PhD, MPH, LCSW, RN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC, FAAN

Vincent Guilamo-, PhD, is Dean and Bessie Baker Distinguished Professor of the Duke University School of Nursing and Vice Chancellor for Nursing Affairs, Duke University.

Dr. Ramos is a nurse practitioner with a clinical focus on the HIV prevention and treatment needs of Latinos. He is widely regarded as an expert, scholar, and leader in preventing and treating HIV and sexually transmitted infections in adolescents and young adults, particularly among Latinos and other underserved communities.

In 2020, Dr. Ramos and colleagues published “The Invisible US Hispanic/Latino HIV Crisis: Addressing Gaps in the National Response” in the American Journal of Public Health, which increased the visibility of pronounced HIV inequities among Latinos in the United States.

He serves as a member of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS, the HHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Advisory Committee on HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention and Treatment, and on the boards of the Latino Commission on AIDS and the HIV Medicine Association.

Statement of Need

Despite progressive innovations to end the HIV epidemic, barriers exist to HIV prevention services such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) care, particularly for underserved populations. To expand the reach of PrEP while addressing existing disparities and inequities in the HIV care continuum, community practitioners need to be educated on evidence-based PrEP medications and PrEP guidelines as well as bias, cultural sensitivity, and structural barriers.

In this CME Outfitters Snack, a diverse panel of expert faculty will discuss PrEP options, PrEP guidelines, implicit bias in underserved communities, tools for measuring bias, clinical approaches to PrEP conversations, and strategies for individualizing PrEP care to facilitate equitable access in clinical practice and public health.

Learning Objectives

  • Address HCP bias and inequities in clinical approaches to sexual health and PrEP discussions with Black and Hispanic/Latino patients.
  • Address structural barriers to individualized PrEP care that optimizes patient outcomes.

Financial Support

This program has been supported by an independent educational grant from Gilead Sciences, Inc.

Target Audience

Primary care physicians, physician associates (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), nurses, and pharmacists.

Credit Information

Jointly Accredited Provider

In support of improving patient care, CME Outfitters, LLC, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Interprofessional (IPCE) 0.5

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 0.5 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) Credit for learning and change.

Physicians (ACCME) 0.5

CME Outfitters, LLC, designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nurses (ANCC) 0.5

This activity is designated for 0.5 contact hours.

Note for California Nurses

This continuing nursing education activity was approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing. CME Outfitters, LLC’s provider number is CEP15510.

Pharmacists (ACPE) 0.5

This application-based activity is approved for 0.5 contact hours (0.05 CEUs) of continuing pharmacy credit.
Activity UAN: JA0007185-0000-23-058-H01-P

PAs (AAPA) 0.5

CME Outfitters, LLC, has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.5 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until expiration date listed above. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.


Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 0.5 medical knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

Royal College MOC

Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME’s “CME in Support of MOC” program in Section 3 of the Royal College’s MOC Program.

MIPS Improvement Activity

Completion of this accredited CME activity meets the expectations of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement Program (IA_PSPA_28) for the Merit-based Incentive Payment Program (MIPS). Clinicians should submit their improvement activities by attestation via the CMS Quality Payment Program website.

Disclosure Declaration

It is the policy of CME Outfitters, LLC, to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, and scientific rigor and integrity in all of their CE activities. Faculty must disclose to the participants any relationships with commercial companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, or with the commercial supporter of this CE activity. CME Outfitters, LLC, has evaluated, identified, and mitigated any potential conflicts of interest through a rigorous content validation procedure, use of evidence-based data/research, and a multidisciplinary peer review process.

Dr. Blackstock reports the following financial relationships: Advisory Board: Health Equity Advisory Board member for ViiV Healthcare

Dr. Guilamo-Ramos reports the following financial relationships: Advisory Board: Positive Action for Youth (PAFY) Advisory Board Member, ViiV Healthcare

Disclosures were obtained from the CME Outfitters, LLC staff; no disclosures to report:

  • Cristina Rivera Carpenter, PhD, MSN, RN (peer reviewer)
  • Susan Perry (planning committee)
  • Kellie Busby, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Susan H. Yarbrough, CHCP (planning committee)
  • Sandra Caballero, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Sharon Tordoff (planning committee)

Faculty of this CE activity may include discussions of products or devices that are not currently labeled for use by the FDA. The faculty have been informed of their responsibility to disclose to the audience if they will be discussing off-label or investigational uses (any uses not approved by the FDA) of products or devices.

Obtaining Credit

Post-tests, credit request forms, and activity evaluations must be completed online (requires free account activation), and participants can print their certificate or statement of credit immediately (75% pass rate required). This website supports all browsers except Internet Explorer for Mac. For complete technical requirements and privacy policy, visit our Privacy & Confidentiality page.

Questions about this activity?

Call us at 877.CME.PROS (877.263.7767).


PrEP Inequities
Event Date: 06/13/2023 at 4:00 am EST