Health Inequities in Vision Care

This activity is part of a series


Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc
Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine
Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research
Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
The University of Chicago
Chicago, IL
Monica E. Peek, MD, MPH, MSc

Monica Peek, MD, MPH, MSc is an Ellen H. Block Professor of Health Justice in the Department of Medicine. She is also the Associate Director, Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research, and Director of Research, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. She is a practicing internist, medical educator, and clinician investigator. Her research pursues health equity and social justice, with a focus on promoting equitable doctor/patient relationships among racial minorities, integrating the medical and social needs of patients, and addressing health care discrimination and structural racism impacting health outcomes (e.g., diabetes, COVID-19). Dr. Peek has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed publications and abstracts on health care disparities, diversity, and bias; has been the principal investigator of multiple grants to address health disparities; and has been invited to speak at numerous local and national medical meetings.

Adam Ramsey, OD
Medical Director, Socialite Vision, Palm Beach Gardens, FL
Medical Director, Socialite Vision
Co-Founder, Health Focus South Florida
Co-Founder, Black EyeCare Perspective
Palm Beach Gardens, FL
Adam Ramsey, OD
Medical Director, Socialite Vision, Palm Beach Gardens, FL

Adam Ramsey, OD, is a Florida Board Certified Optometrist and owner of Socialite Vision in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. His private practices highlight cutting edge technology, innovative eye care, and optical services. Born in Trinidad and raised in South Florida, Dr. Ramsey gleaned his passion for social and civil camaraderie during his formative years. His fondness for community-focused initiatives has made him a sought-after speaker and presenter for local and national health fairs and career symposiums. Professionally, Dr. Ramsey is also a nationally recognized speaker and Advisory Board Member for Neurolens, Bausch and Lomb, Zeiss, Kala, 20/20 On-Site, Novartis, and Seacoast Bank along with numerous others. In 2019, Dr. Ramsey headlined a community engagement series entitled “Dinner with The Doctor.”

Dr. Ramsey graduated from Southern College of Optometry in Memphis in 2012. One year later, he opened Iconic Eye Care in Lake Park, Florida, which he rebranded as Socialite Vision in 2016. Dr. Ramsey compiled the ebbs and flows of his experience as an optometrist into his 2020 debut work, Play Chess Not Checkers: The Practical Guide to Warm Start Your Dream Optometric Practice. In his book, Dr. Ramsey gives aspiring optometrists and entrepreneurs alike step-by-step guidelines for opening a successful practice, coupled with personal life lessons to endure and how to overcome the test and trials of new business ownership.

In his practice, Dr. Ramsey specializes in Myopia Control, Dry Eye Care, and Advanced Contact Lens Fittings. Dr. Ramsey was the previous Vice President of T. Leroy Jefferson Medical Society and Chairman of the Board for the Palm Beach County Optometric Association. Some of his accolades include the 2021 Cooper Vision Practice of Excellence, 2020 Eye Care Business Game Changer of the Year, Florida Optometric Association 2020 Local Society Member of the Year, 2018 Small Business of the Year Award from the Chamber of Commerce of Palm Beaches, and 2018 Business of the Year Award from Legacy Magazine.

Dr. Ramsey cites his belief in being fiercely independent as the driving motivation in his life and professional career. “I stand on the shoulders of giants and consider it my duty to keep this legacy alive,” says Dr. Ramsey.

To learn more about Dr. Adam Ramsey visit

Ruth Y. Shoge, OD, MPH, FAAO
Associate Clinical Professor, Berkeley, CA
Associate Clinical Professor
Director of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Belonging, University of California Berkeley, Herbert Wertheim School of Optometry & Vision Science, Berkeley, CA
Ruth Y. Shoge, OD, MPH, FAAO
Associate Clinical Professor, Berkeley, CA

Ruth Y. Shoge, OD, MPH, FAAO, isan Associate Clinical Professor and the Director of Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Belonging (DEIB) at the University of California, Berkeley Herbert Wertheim School of Optometry & Vision Science. She received her Doctor of Optometry degree from the Pennsylvania College of Optometry (PCO), where she also completed a residency in Pediatrics and Vision Therapy. She received her Master of Public Health from Temple University with a concentration in Social and Behavioral Science. During that time, she developed a special interest in using cultural humility and bias awareness as tools to address eyecare disparities and inequities to improve health outcomes in historically marginalized communities. She has been involved in several national initiatives to improve policies and practices within the eyecare profession. Additionally, she started her own consulting company, RYS Consultants LLC, to provide educational opportunities and long-term DEIB planning for academic, private, and corporate settings, and practitioners and student members of the optometric community.

Dr. Shoge’s clinical interests include pediatric primary care, non-strabismic binocular vision disorders, vision disorders related to concussion, and vision therapy. In the clinical setting, Dr. Shoge aims to provide and model clinical competence and cultural humility to her students as they care for their patients. She has served as an investigator in several federally-funded research studies and has had the opportunity to present nationally and internationally about binocular vision, vision therapy, the management of concussion-related vision disorders, and clinical cultural humility and bias-awareness training.

Statement of Need

The standard of vision care greatly affects the quality of life (QoL) for patients with vision needs, and clinicians need to carefully consider their interactions with patients when prescribing and assessing patients’ vision, while also unlearning unconscious bias and the historical structural racism within vision care norms. Education, health care, economic stability, social and community context, and neighborhood/environmental factors all play into a patient’s individual needs in the context of vision care, and providers must consider all these factors when engaging with the patient and developing holistic treatment goals in partnership with patients.

In this podcast installment of a multi-prong diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) series, Drs. Peek, Ramsey, and Shoge will discuss strategies vital to combating inequities in vision care. The conversation will describe modern day issues in how unconscious bias, health disparities, and health inequities all influence quality of care and provide real-world action steps to improve vision care for all patients.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this CME/CE activity, participants should be able to analyze the influence of unconscious bias, health disparities, and health inequities on vision care.

Financial Support

Supported by an educational grant from Johnson & Johnson.

Target Audience

Physicians, optometrists, physician associates (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), nurses, opticians, and pharmacists specializing in ophthalmology, optometry or endocrinology

Credit Information

Jointly Accredited Provider

In support of improving patient care, CME Outfitters, LLC, is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Interprofessional (IPCE) 0.75

This activity was planned by and for the healthcare team, and learners will receive 0.75 Interprofessional Continuing Education (IPCE) Credit for learning and change.

Physicians (ACCME) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. CME Outfitters, LLC, designates this enduring activity for a maximum of .75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Nurses (ANCC) 0.75

This activity is designated for 0.75 contact hour. Nurse practitioners can apply for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ through the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). AANP will accept AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from Jointly Accredited Organizations. Nurse practitioners can also apply for credit through their state boards.

Note for California Nurses

This continuing nursing education activity was approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing. CME Outfitters, LLC’s provider number is CEP15510.

Pharmacists (ACPE) 0.75

This application-based activity is approved for 0.75 contact hour (0.075 CEUs) of continuing pharmacy credit.
Activity UAN: JA0007185-0000-22-142-H01-P

PAs (AAPA) 0.75

CME Outfitters, LLC, has been authorized by the American Academy of PAs (AAPA) to award AAPA Category 1 CME credit for activities planned in accordance with AAPA CME Criteria. This activity is designated for 0.75 AAPA Category 1 CME credits. Approval is valid until expiration date listed above. PAs should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation.

Optometry (COPE) 0.75

This course is COPE approved for 0.75 hours of CE credit.


Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to 0.75 medical knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program. Participants will earn MOC points equivalent to the amount of CME credits claimed for the activity. It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting ABIM MOC credit.

Royal College MOC

Through an agreement between the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, medical practitioners participating in the Royal College MOC Program may record completion of accredited activities registered under the ACCME’s “CME in Support of MOC” program in Section 3 of the Royal College’s MOC Program.

MIPS Improvement Activity

Completion of this accredited CME activity meets the expectations of an Accredited Safety or Quality Improvement Program (IA_PSPA_28) for the Merit-based Incentive Payment Program (MIPS). Clinicians should submit their improvement activities by attestation via the CMS Quality Payment Program website.

Disclosure Declaration

It is the policy of CME Outfitters, LLC, to ensure independence, balance, objectivity, and scientific rigor and integrity in all of their CE activities. Faculty must disclose to the participants any relationships with commercial companies whose products or devices may be mentioned in faculty presentations, or with the commercial supporter of this CE activity. CME Outfitters, LLC, has evaluated, identified, and mitigated any potential conflicts of interest through a rigorous content validation procedure, use of evidence-based data/research, and a multidisciplinary peer review process.

Dr. Peek reports the following financial relationships:

Consultant: Pfizer Inc.

Dr. Ramsey reports no financial relationships to disclose.

Dr. Shoge reports no financial relationships to disclose.

The following peer reviewer and CME Outfitters staff have no financial relationships:

  • Shirley Michelle Franks, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC (peer reviewer)
  • Meghann Taft-Lockard (planning committee)
  • Evan Luberger (planning committee)
  • Warren Beckman (planning committee)
  • Sandra Caballero, PharmD (planning committee)
  • Susan H. Yarbrough, CHCP (planning committee)
  • Sharon Tordoff (planning committee)

Faculty of this CE activity may include discussions of products or devices that are not currently labeled for use by the FDA. The faculty have been informed of their responsibility to disclose to the audience if they will be discussing off-label or investigational uses (any uses not approved by the FDA) of products or devices.

Obtaining Credits

Post-tests, credit request forms, and activity evaluations must be completed online (requires free account activation), and participants can print their certificate or statement of credit immediately (75% pass rate required). This website supports all browsers except Internet Explorer for Mac. For complete technical requirements and privacy policy, visit our Privacy & Confidentiality page.


COPE Activity/Event Number: 124739, Course ID#: 80871-PB.

Questions about this activity?

Call us at (877) CME-PROS or (877) 263-7767.



Health Inequities in Vision Care
Event Date: 10/25/2022