Blog Category: Neurology

Beyond Dopamine: Glutamate as a Target in Schizophrenia

An interesting review in ISRN Pharmacology, a peer-reviewed, open access journal, describes that for the last 60 years, antipsychotic pharmacology targeting antagonism of dopamine (DA) D2 receptors have been the primary treatment choice for schizophrenia. The clinical improvement seen …

Brain Regions Involved in Transition From Acute to Chronic Pain

Neuroscience researchers have been searching for years using imaging studies to find changes in brain structure and function that correlate with persistent pain. A recent study in Nature Neuroscience studied patients (n=40) with subacute back pain (SBP) lasting 4–16 weeks, …

Neurologists Tend to Underdiagnose Depression and Cognitive Problems in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

Non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease (PD) generally tend to be under-diagnosed compared to motor problems. Some studies have compared different instruments to diagnose cognitive impairment (CI) and depression in PD, but few have studied how accurate the diagnostic process is …

The Brain Organizes Objects by Size

Previously unknown to neuroscientists, how the brain organizes object representation or perceives and identifies different objects has been a mystery. A new study in Neuron, by MIT researchers, has discovered that the brain organizes objects based on their physical …

Non-adherence to Antipsychotics and Cardiometabolic Medication Result in Health Care Utilization and Costs

A new study in Psychiatric Services examined the association between adherence to antipsychotic and cardiometabolic medication and the use of health care services and expenditures.

A total of 87,015 unique patients with schizophrenia who received at least one antipsychotic medication …

Distraction Can Reduce Pain

According to a report published in Current Biology, reduced pain perception while being distracted from pain is an everyday example of how cognitive processes can interfere with pain perception. Researchers from the University Medical Center, Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, using high-resolution …

Who Benefits the Most from Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for Dementia?

A study in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry reports that the efficacy of cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) has been demonstrated, but little is known about the characteristics of people with dementia, who may respond to this therapy. This study …

Computerized 3D Self-help Intervention for Adolescent Depression

According to a study published in BMJ, adolescents suffering from depression can benefit just as much from specialized computer therapy as they do from one-to-one therapy with a clinician.

Using SPARX, an interactive 3D fantasy game, researchers from …

Linking Mental Illness To Chronic Physical Illness Risk

Results from a study by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) demonstrated that individuals aged 18 and older who had any mental illness, major depressive episodes or serious mental illness in the past year, are more likely to …